The thyroid gland (the gland at the base of the neck) produces hormones that influence almost all of the body’s metabolic processes. Thyroid disorders can result in both small, harmless goiters that don’t require treatment and life-threatening diseases.
The most common disorders involve an abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism occurs when the gland doesn’t produce enough of the hormone, while hyperthyroidism describes the overproduction.
Other forms of this disorder include, hyroiditis, which is an inflammation of the gland, and thyroid cancer.
What are the symptoms?
Although thyroid disorders can be painful and uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be managed properly if they’re diagnosed and treated.
Hypothyroidism symptoms include: fatigue, poor concentration, dry skin, feeling cold, constipation, muscle and joint aches, fluid retention, prolonged and excessive menstruation, and depression.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms include: fatigue, nervousness, tremors, a fast heart rate, an increase in bowel movements, aversion to heat, increased sweating, concentration problems, and unintentional weight loss.
What are the treatments for thyroid disorders?
Thyroid disorders can be treated with medications, but some may require surgery.* The treatment depends on the type thyroid disease.
* Individual results may vary.