Kidney disease or kidney failure, describes a gradual loss in the kidney’s function. This includes the filtering of wastes and excess fluids in the blood, which are urinated out of the body. Advanced stages of this condition result in dangerous levels of waste, electrolytes, and fluid build up in the body.
What are the symptoms of kidney disease?
Nausea/vomiting, problems sleeping, loss of appetite, fatigue, changes in the frequency of urination, muscle cramps and twitches, swelling of the feet and ankles, itching, chest pain, shortness of breath, and hypertension.
Signs and symptoms can be caused by other illnesses. The kidneys are also very adaptable in the cases of lost function, so signs and symptoms may not be obvious until long-term damage has occurred.
What are the treatments?
Treatment for kidney disease involves the slowing of its progression, usually by addressing the cause.* In the case of kidney failure, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant.*
Talk with your doctor if you have any of the above signs or symptoms. If you have a condition that increases the chances of kidney disease, your doctor can also monitor your kidney function with urine and blood tests.*
* Individual results may vary.